Home Improvement

What does a damper do on a wood stove?

A damper is usually located approximately 12 to 18 inches from the stove, prior to the spot where the pipe exits into a chimney, if present. The damper retains heat that escapes up the chimney or flue. It allows this heat to dissipate into the area being heated by the woodstove.

Is a damper necessary on a wood stove?

Newer models of wood stove don’t typically require a damper. A damper was traditionally used on older, less efficient, models of stove to help reduce the flow of air leaving the firebox. Certified modern stoves meet stringent regulations and typically won’t need a damper to perform well.

How do you use a wood burning stove damper?

How to Use a Wood Stove Damper

  1. Orient yourself with the damper handle on the outside of your flue pipe or the exterior of your stove. …
  2. Open the damper all the way, if you are lighting a fire. …
  3. Close the damper about two-thirds of the way as the fire begins to catch and coals start to form.

Should your damper be open or closed?

You need to open the damper when you start a fire to allow for proper airflow and let the smoke out. A closed damper can restrict airflow and become a safety issue since smoke would fill your house.

When should I close the damper on my fireplace?

You should close the damper on your fireplace once the fire and embers have all burned out. This prevents warm air in your house from escaping out the chimney. You should open the damper before lighting a fire and close it once the fire is done burning.

What is the difference between a damper and a flue?

A damper is located in the flue of your chimney. The flue is where the smoke escapes when the fire is going. Dampers are placed inside of the flue to help control ventilation. Your damper should have a chain or handle that you can access in order to open and close it.

Does my chimney need a damper?

And while older wood-burning fireplaces can function safely without a damper (gas fireplaces cannot), a chimney without a damper is just a gaping hole in the roof of your house. It’s a gateway for frigid air to enter and for heated air to escape in the winter.

How do I get the most heat out of my wood stove?

One of the most popular ways to make the most of the heat from a wood burner is to use a stove fan. These simply attach to your stove pipe and work by circulating the hot air out into the room, rather than allowing it to simply rise upwards.

Does closing the damper on a wood stove make it hotter?

If your fire is blazing and you wish to reduce its intensity, you can adjust the damper, closing it by two-thirds. This reduces the fire’s intensity but also boosts its efficiency so it will burn fuel at a slower rate, saving you money.

How do you keep a fire going in a wood stove all night?

How To Keep a Wood Stove Burning All Night

  1. Rake the charcoal towards the front of the wood stove.
  2. Place five to seven large logs in a tight formation behind the coals.
  3. Shut the door and enjoy.

Can you sleep with a wood burning stove on overnight?

Don’t shut off the air vents completely but close them right down. This will limit the air that gets into the chamber so the fire will slowly die out. Once the embers in the fire start to go orange then you then it will start to die and you can sleep without worrying.

Can you put too much wood in a wood stove?

Manufacturers of wood burning stoves recommended to only have a certain amount of wood in the stove at one time. Placing too much wood into a stove or allowing too much air flow to the fire can cause the stove to over fire.

Why is smoke puffing out of my wood stove?

This is usually caused by poor draft or draw. The chimney system does not pull hard enough to move the exhaust fumes quickly through the secondary burn off system. Volatile flue gases then ignite inside the main combustion zone (the fire) and make small puffs of smoke.

Why does my room filled with smoke when I light my stove?

Smoke puffing into your room from your log burner is rarely the fault of your stove. It’s much more likely to be down to a problem with your chimney or the air pressure in your room. When these aren’t working properly, it will often result in the failure of smoke to rise upwards, as needed.

Do taller chimney draw better?

Taller Chimneys Produce Stronger Draft

If draft problems are experienced with short systems, consider adding to the chimney height. If draft problems are experienced with systems higher than the recommended minimum system height, adding to the chimney may have little or no effect.

How can I get my wood stove to draft better?

The main ways to increase draft in a wood stove include:

  1. Have your flue or chimney cleaned at least once per year, or every season if you’re regularly burning wood.
  2. Leave the door to the stove open for a while before lighting a fire.
  3. Warm flue with a heat source before starting a fire.

Why does my chimney not draw correctly?

Too Small Chimney Caps or Chimney Pots

The base of the chimney pot or cap often fits over the top of the flue, but should never be smaller than the flue. The top of the chimney pot shouldn’t be much narrower than the flue itself – “choking down” the diameter can cause smoke draw issues.

Why doesn’t smoke go up the chimney?

Smoke sometimes won’t go up a chimney because there is a column of cold air in the chimney flue that pushes the smoke back into the home. It’s important to check the draft before lighting a fire, to be sure priming isn’t needed.

Why is my house smoky when I use my fireplace?

A fireplace that kicks up smoke is a classic sign of a weak draft, which can result in a fire that quickly dies out or fire by-products “back-puffing”—getting backed up in the firebox or flue and issuing into the room as smoke and harmful vapors, including carbon monoxide.

Should I crack a window when using fireplace?

To alleviate this problem, make sure that your basement fireplace damper is closed. The best solution is to crack a window in the basement (about a quarter of an inch) when you use your upstairs fireplace.

How do you stop a downdraft in a wood stove?

Reverse the downdraft by increasing the air pressure in the room with the wood stove. Open a window before you light the fire. Turn off appliances with fans that draw air out of the house, including the clothes dryer, kitchen range hood and bathroom fans.

Does creosote Sweeping Log work?

Many homeowners wonder if the chimney sweep logs or creosote sweeping logs really work to clean out fireplace flues and get rid of creosote residue so that the fireplaces are safe to use. The short answer is no, they don’t work.

Do potato peels clean chimneys?

Potato peels and acorns help prevent creosote buildup in your chimney. Save your potato skins and collect acorns in the autumn. Just a handful thrown on top of a burning fire can help keep your chimney in good shape.

Will a hot fire remove creosote?

One method to loosen crusty or tarry creosote so it flakes off and falls down into the firebox or fireplace is to burn aluminum cans in a very hot fire. While this method works, it does not clean the chimney of creosote completely, and chimney brush cleaning is still necessary.