Home Improvement

Do you need a hearth for a wood burning fireplace?

A hearth is typically found with traditional open fireplaces but isn’t found with some other types of fireplaces, so do you need a hearth for your fireplace? A fireplace hearth is a necessity for all solid fuel burning fireplaces, including wood burning fireplaces and stoves.

Can you have a fireplace without a hearth?

Clearance to Combustibles

Some gas fireplaces are built with “zero-clearance” fireboxes, meaning you can put combustible materials right up to the sides, front and bottom. Not all gas fireplaces are zero-clearance, however, and some may require a hearth. Check your owner’s manual for clearance specifications.

Do I need a hearth for a wood burner?

Is a hearth necessary for a log burner or stove? If you have any solid fuel burning stove, it is absolutely vital that you have the correct hearth for it to sit on. Building regulations state that a non-combustible material must cover a set area around your stove.

Why do you need a fireplace hearth?

The main purpose of the fireplace hearth is for safety. Obviously, open flames can be a hazard when around combustible materials, so a fire must be placed upon a fire resistant surface that wont crack. The part of the hearth that extends outwards serves a purpose, too.

What do wood burning stoves sit on?

Wood stoves need a heat-resistant pad underneath to protect the house from excessive heat and flames. The pad should extend at least 18 inches past all sides of the stove, but check your model to learn whether it requires a larger pad.

What is code for a fireplace hearth?

Per California fireplace hearth dimensions code as published on UpCodes, if the firebox, or the opening of the fireplace, is less than 6 feet square, then the requirement is that the hearth must stick out at least 16 inches to the front and 8 inches on either side of the opening.

Can you have wood floor in front of fireplace?

Any wood floor close to a fireplace has the potential to get burned from sparks and embers. Typically, a wood-burning fireplace has more potential to have sparks than a gas-log fireplace. To minimize the hazard, always use a metal screen to prevent popping embers from flying out and landing on the floor.

What are the regulations for a hearth?

Hearth Regulations

  • At least 150mm (6”) of hearth either side of the stove.
  • At least 300mm (12”) of hearth in front of the stove.
  • If the floor is combustible then the hearth must be at least 250mm* (10”) deep OR this can be reduced to 125mm (5”) deep if you have an air space or air gap of 50mm underneath.

Do you need a hearth pad?

With stoves burning cleaner and hotter than ever before, a traditional ember protector or homemade hearth may not protect the combustible floor beneath your stove. Building codes and safety standards now require the hearth pad to provide adequate thermal protection based on the stove model.

What can I use for a fireplace hearth?

Any material that is durable, fire-resistant, and doesn’t crack can be used for a hearth. The best hearth materials will match the decoration in your home and require little maintenance. This list includes stone, brick, concrete, and many more non-combustible materials.

What do you put on floor under a wood burning stove?

(1) Any type of concrete patio blocks or house bricks will make a safe, heat & fireproof floor for a wood stove. Used = recycled materials are least expensive. If you live near a brick factory you can obtain cull bricks or brick tiles cheap or free-of-charge.

How do you build a hearth on a wood stove?

The floor and pouring a self-leveling concrete. And then putting down backer. And then mortaring and tile that's just way overkill. This dry stack method I think is going to work perfect.

What needs to be behind a wood stove?

Most wood stove fires are caused because combustible materials are placed too close to a hot stove. Only use drywall that displays a UL (Underwriter’s Laboratory) label, certifying that the drywall is fire-retardant and safe to use behind your wood stove.

What is the best thing to put behind a wood burning stove?

Stone and brick are popular materials to use behind a wood-burning stove if you want to achieve a rustic, natural look. However, you may wish to use patterned tiles, stone veneer or specialist fireplace chamber lining panels such as vitreous enamel.

Do I need a heat shield behind a wood stove?

If you are unable to place your stove with at least a 900mm clearance between it and other surfaces, then you’ll need to install a heat shield. Situated between the stove and the exposed surface, a heat shield will reduce the required distance for safety.

How far away from the wall does a wood stove need to be?

36 inches

The standard clearance recommended by the National Fire Protection Agency is 36 inches. This means that the back of the stove should be 36 inches away from any combustible material, such as woodwork, unprotected walls, furniture and even firewood.

How big does a wood stove hearth need to be?

The wood stove itself must stand back 36 inches from combustible walls and ceiling, unless it has approved heat shields on it. Under National Fire Protection Association Code 211, a raised hearth must extend at least 18 inches on all sides around the stove to give adequate floor protection.

How do you fireproof a wall behind a wood stove?

A common way to help protect the wall behind a wood stove and create a backdrop for your stove includes using masonry veneer faux panels. Stone or brick is a common material to use behind a wood burning stove. These panels help create more of a focal point for a room.

Does a wood stove pipe have to go straight up?

A wood stove pipe must be as short and straight as possible. At the least, 80% of it must be vertical. If it is so important, one or two 90˚ angles, at most, can be made part of the structure. The horizontal part should not rise more than a quarter from the linear foot.

What is the 3 2 10 rule?

This rule means that your chimney’s shortest side needs to be at least 3 feet above the roof penetration, and its top has to be 2 feet higher than any part of the building that’s within 10 feet.

How many elbows can a wood stove have?

In a stovepipe set up, never use more than two 90o elbows. The chimney will not draw well if you do. A straight pipe is easier to clean.

Can you install a wood-burning stove yourself?

Logistically, yes, you can install a wood-burning stove yourself: it’s a fairly straightforward DIY job. But there are a few reasons why we recommend you leave the installation to a professional from a competent person scheme. Firstly, it’s not like putting up some shelves and one falling down.

Do I need a certificate for a wood burning stove?

YES: Simply ask for a copy of the certificate of compliance. This usually has a small cost involved. This will confirm the installation is compliant. If you are still uncomfortable, you can contact a local HETAS installer to inspect the works and advise you.

Where should a wood burning stove be placed?

The ideal location for a wood stove is close to the center of the area to be heated. This gives the best heat distribution. Avoid locating it near an exterior wall as this increases the heat loss to the outside, and decreases the heat gained from the stove.

How do you vent a wood burning stove?

The primary venting choice for a wood stove installation is through the ceiling with high-tech pipe or through an existing chimney. You should always install the chimney pipe on the interior of the home when installing your wood burning stove.

Can I vent wood stove through wall?

For instance, wood-burning stoves will always be vented through the roof of your house, but pellet-burning stoves can be vented vertically through the roof, or horizontally through the wall to the outdoors. Same with gas stoves – venting can be routed in either direction – vertically or horizontally.

Can you leave a wood burning stove on overnight?

In an extended fire, you load large pieces of wood into your wood burning stove, tightly packed, so the fire slowly spreads from log to log, extending your burn for 6 to 8 hours or more. You won’t need to reload any time soon. This sort of burn maintains a low, steady heat that can stay burning all night.