Home Improvement

Are all hellebores perennials?

Hellebores are among the earliest perennial flowers to bloom, welcoming spring with their rose-like blossoms.

How to Grow and Care for Hellebore.

Botanical Name Helleborus spp.
Plant Type Herbaceous, perennial
Mature Size 1–2 ft. tall with a similar spread
Sun Exposure Shade in summer and sun in winter
Soil Type Moist but well-drained

Is hellebore a perennial plant?

Helleborus were named the Perennial Plant Association’s Plant of the Year in 2005. They are perfect perennials when you need a splash of color as you weary of winter’s grip. Lovely nodding cup-shaped flowers herald the coming of spring. Avoid dry soil with full sun.

What to do with hellebores when they finish flowering?

Remember deadhead after flowering. And prune them just as the new growth starts to appear in winter.

Should you cut back hellebores?

Though hellebores are evergreen, they don’t need pruning, and I have several clumps of double-flowered hybrids in my own garden that have never been pruned.” William advises gardeners to wear gloves when pruning their hellebores. “Make sure you are wearing gloves as the sap of the hellebore can irritate the skin.

What do you do with hellebores in the summer UK?

How to care for your new hellebore

  1. Place outside and remove all packaging.
  2. Plant your hellebores where they will receive some summer shade.
  3. A selection of recommended products for planting and aftercare.
  4. Removing all foliage back to the base of the stems on Helleborus x hybridus Ashwood Garden Hybrid.

Are hellebores winter hardy?

Hellebores produce their pretty, nodding blooms in winter and early spring, which makes them a valuable asset in any garden. Braving the chill, they are hardy, compact and low maintenance, and their flowers provide valuable nectar for early pollinators.

Can hellebores survive a freeze?

Hellebores bloom in spite of that conflict- I admire that cheekiness about them. Their ability to withstand cold, snow, ice, freezing rain and wind when they have broken dormancy and begun to grow is remarkable. All the more extraordinary is their ability to shrug off this hostile weather while in full bloom.

Do hellebores multiply?

A hellebore will yield from two to as many as 10 divided plants. You should plant the divided plants immediately, making sure the roots do not dry out. Plant them in well- prepared soil with good drainage.

Do hellebores self seed?

In the garden many Hellebores will self seed and multiply into clumps as in the image top left. Most of the popular varieties of Helleborus are small plants, growing up to around half a metre, suitable for front of the border plant, a woodland settings and as ground cover.

What do hellebores look like in summer?

Than actually bright pink like they were earlier. They're starting to set seeds. The aphids have moved in and set up camp. And it's time to go ahead and cut the flowers.

Where is the best place to plant hellebores?

Grow hellebores at the front of a border in sun, or full or partial shade, depending on the variety you choose. They do best in fertile, well-drained soil, but can also be raised in pots in a loam-based compost.

Do hellebores like sun or shade?

partial shade

Hellebores are at their best in evenly moist well-drained soil in partial shade. Water well during extended dry periods; they are drought-tolerant once established.

How do you care for hellebores outside?

Hellebore care tips:

An annual application of manure or compost will help to boost the growth of your hellebores. Provide plenty of water during spring and fall when they are actively growing. You can ease up during the summer because heat causes hellebores to go dormant.

Are hellebores invasive?

The hellebore is a small evergreen perennial that blooms during the winter months and into spring, usually starting as early as late January. The clumps expand slowly by rhizomatous roots but are not invasive. Its leaves are divided into leaflets in a palmate pattern.

How fast do hellebores spread?

In ideal conditions, two years would be a sufficient target. In conditions that are not ideal, it could take up to three years for the process to be completed. Ensuring that conditions are as optimal as possible will give you the quickest time frame when growing and spreading Hellebores.

What grows well with hellebores?

Hellebore Companions

  • Hostas.
  • Hardy ferns.
  • Columbines, especially shade-loving eastern North American native Aquilegia canadensis.
  • Bleeding heart.
  • Coral bells (Heuchera), foamflowers (Tiarella) and their hybrids, the foamy bells (Heucherella)
  • Low, shade-preferring grasslike sedges (Carex)

Can I plant hellebores with peonies?

Come again herbaceous plants are very fun to combine with peonies. Try selecting perennials like evergreen hellebores that bloom well before peonies emerge.

Will hellebores grow under trees?

Q What sort of site do hellebores like? A Hellebores are very adaptable and seem happy in most sites, including north-facing borders. The main thing is to grow them under deciduous trees and shrubs, so they get sun when flowering in February and March, but are in shade when the tree and shrub leaves return.

Can you plant hellebores under roses?

The different leaf colours of the hardy alum root (Heuchera hybrids) combine perfectly with Christmas Roses and Snow Roses, both in bedding and planters. These varied ornamental foliage plants also thrive in shady locations.

Can I take cuttings from hellebores?

Propagating a hellebore by division is relatively easy. Tie the leaves together in early spring and dig around and under the root zone. Use a pair of garden forks to gently separate the rhizomes. Plant each new section immediately and provide even moisture as they establish.

Do hellebores naturalize?

Hellebores are hardy, long-lived perennials that often naturalize, or spread, in ideal growing conditions. Because of that, they don’t typically need to be divided to keep them healthy. However, you may want to use division as a form of propagation.

Can you split hellebores?

Or, as with most perennials, you can divide hellebores. You need to make sure the plant is healthy and well established because the process will leave the pieces in a weakened state. Fall is the best time to attempt dividing hellebore plants.

Do hellebores do well in containers?

Hellebore is at its best when planted outdoors in the ground, but if you have limited space or you simply want to enjoy these lovely flowers as a houseplant, you should be able to make it comfortable in an indoor container.

When can I move my hellebores?

If you decide to move one, this can be done either before or after flowering because hellebores are very tolerant and move well as long as you keep the rootball intact. If you need to divide, make sure that the plant is cut into large chunks, because individual noses (growing points) normally don’t survive.

Can you touch hellebores?

Hellebores are in the Ranunculus or buttercup family. They are toxic when handled and can cause contact dermatitis.

Do mice eat hellebores?

Slugs, voles and mice can nibble stems and the odd tiny snail may sometimes be seen in a flower.

What animal eats hellebores?


Slugs can eat holes in hellebore leaves. Pick these hellebore plant pests off at night. Alternatively, attract them with bait traps using beer or cornmeal. Vine weevils are also bugs that eat hellebores.